Nobel Prize 2021 Winners list pdf download | Question Answer

Nobel Prize 2021


Nobel Prize 2021 Winners:  Nobel Prize Award is one of the most asked topics in today competitive exams. In this article, we have shared the list of “Nobel Prize 2021 winners list” alongside some most significant Nobel Prize Question Answer, that will surely work as a score booster for students in the upcoming exams like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC GROUP-D, BANK, IBPS, IB, RAILWAY, etc.

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Little History on Nobel Prize:

On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and confirmation, giving the biggest portion of his fortune to a progression of prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace – the Nobel Prizes. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s national bank) set up The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.

Nobel Prize winners:

Nobel Prize 2021 winners:

List Nobel Prize Winners in 2021

Field

Name

Contribution

Peace

Maria Ressa For their efforts to safeguard freedom of expression, which is a precondition for democracy and lasting peace.
Dmitry Muratov

Literature

Abdulrazak Gurnah For his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents.

Physics

Syukuro Manabe For the physical modelling of Earth’s climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming.
Klaus Hasselmann
Giorgio Parisi For the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.

Chemistry

Benjamin List For the development of asymmetric organocatalysis.
David MacMillan

Medicine

David Julius For their discovery of the receptors that allow humans to feel temperature and touch.
Ardem Patapoutina

Economic Sciences

David Card For his empirical contributions to labour economics.
Joshua D. Angrist For their methodological contributions to the analysis of causal relationships.
Guido W. Imbens

Nobel Prize 2020 winners list:

List Nobel Prize Winners in 2020

Field

Name

Contribution

Peace

World Food Programme (WFP) 

Because of its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas, and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict. 

Literature

Louise Glück 

Roger Penrose won Nobel Prize for the discovery that black hole the formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity. 

Physics

Roger Penrose 

Roger Penrose won Nobel Prize for the discovery that black hole the formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity. 

a) Reinhard Genzel
b) Andrea Ghez

They won the Nobel Prize for their discovery of a supermassive compact object at the center of our galaxy. 

Chemistry

a) Emmanuelle Charpentier
b) Jennifer A. Doudna

They developed a method for genome editing. 

Medicine

a) Harvey J. Alte
b) Michael Houghton
c) Charles M. Rice

Discovered the Hepatitis C virus. 

Economic Sciences

a) Paul R. Milgrom
b) Robert B. Wilson

For improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats. 

 Nobel Prize 2019 winners list:

 

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List Nobel Prize Winners in 2019

Field

Name

Contribution

Peace

Abi Ahmed – The Prime Minister of Ethiopia 

For ending the war with Eritrea 

Literature

Peter Handke 

Discovered an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience. 

Physics

a) James Peebles
b) Michel Mayor

c) Didier Queloz 

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019 was granted “for contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos” with one half to James Peebles “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology”, the other half mutually to Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.” 

Chemistry 

a) John B. Goodenough

b) M. Stanley Whittingham

c) Akira Yoshino 

The three scientists have all worked to develop and advance lithium-ion batteries, now-ubiquitous technology which the Nobel Assembly said has “laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil-fuel-free society. 

Physiology & Medicine

a) William G. Kaelin
b) Peter Ratcliffe
c) Gregg L. Semenza 

For their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability 

Economics

a) Abhijit Banerjee
b) Esther Duflo
c) Michael Kremer 

For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.

 

FAQ on Nobel Prize:

What is Nobel Prize?

The Nobel Prize is a lot of yearly global honors offered in a few classes by Swedish and Norwegian establishments in acknowledgment of scholastic, social, or logical advances. The desire of the Swedish scientific expert, designer, and industrialist Alfred Nobel set up the five Nobel prizes in 1895.

In How Many Fields Nobel Prize is Given?

Six Nobel Prizes are awarded every year, one in every one of the accompanying classes: Literature, Physics, Chemistry, Peace, Economics, and Physiology & Medicine.

Who gives Nobel Prize?

All the six Nobel Prizes are presented by four different institutions. These are:

  • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences which presents Nobel Prize for Physics, Chemistry and Economic Sciences
  • Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute which presents Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
  • Swedish Academy which presents Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • Norwegian Nobel Committee which presents Nobel Prize for Peace.

Nobel prize winners from India

Nobel Prize winners in  India: There are 9 Nobel Prize Winners from India. In this section, we have discussed all Nobel Prize winners from India till now along with their contributions and year.

 

Nobel Prize winners in India

Name

Field

Year

1 Rabindranath Tagore

Literature

1913

Rabindranath Tagore won Nobel Prize for one of his best-known works “Gitanjali” or “Song Offerings”. It is a collection of 103 profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verses, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West.

2  C.V. Raman

Physics

1930

C.V. Raman won Nobel Prize in Physic for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.

3  Har Gobind Khorana

Medicine

1968

Har Gobind Khorana Medicine won Nobel Prize for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.

4  Mother Teresa

Peace

1979

Mother Teresa won Nobel Prize for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress.

5  Subhramanyan Chandrashekhar

Physics

1983

Subhramanyan Chandrashekhar for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars.

6   Amartya Sen

Economic Sciences

1998

Human development theory Entitlement approach to famine.

7  Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

Chemistry

2009

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan won Nobel Prize for his research into the atomic structure and function of cellular particles called ribosomes.

8  Kailash Satyarthi

Peace

2014

For his struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.

9   Abhijit Banerjee

Economic Sciences

2019

For his experimental approach to allievating global poverty.

 

Nobel prize winners benefits

What do Nobel Prize winners get? A Nobel Prize winner receives a gold medal, a diploma, and a monetary award.

Nobel Prize Quiz

There are some important Nobel Prize questions and answers that are helpful for those who are preparing for competitive examinations like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC GROUP-D, BANK, UPSC, PSC, RAILWAY GROUP-D, RAILWAY NTPC, IB, etc. The facts discussed below, often occur in the exams mentioned above.

 Nobel Prize Question Answer

 1.     When was Nobel Prize given for the first time?

Ans:  The Nobel Prize was given for the first time on 10th December in 1901.

 

 2.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Peace for the first time?

Ans:  Henry Dunant won the first Nobel Prize for Peace.

 

 3.     Who won the Nobel Prize for  Physics for the first time?

Ans:  Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen won the first Nobel Prize for Physics.

 

 4.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Literature for the first time?

Ans:  Sully Prudhomme won the first Nobel Prize for Literature.

 

 5.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the first time?

Ans:  Jacobus Henricus Van‘t Hoff won the first Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

 

 6.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology & Medicine for the first time?

Ans:  Emil Adolf von Behring won the first Nobel Prize for Physiology & Medicine.

 

 7.     Who was the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Rabindranath Tagore was the first  Indian and also the first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.

 

 8.     When did C. V. Raman win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  C. V. Raman won Nobel Prize in 1930 for Physics. 

 

 9.     When did Mother Teresa win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Mother Teresa Nobel Prize in 1979 for Peace. 

 

 10.     When did Amartya Sen win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Amartya Sen Nobel Prize in 1998 for Economic Sciences.

 

 11.     Who is the youngest Nobel Prize winner?

Ans:  Malala Yousafzai became the youngest Nobel Prize winner in 2014.

 

 12.     Who is the oldest Nobel Prize winner?

Ans:  Arthur Ashkin became the oldest Nobel Prize winner in 2007.

 

 13.     Who is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, she won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903.

 

 14.     How many Bengalis have won Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Three

 

 15.     Who has won 3 Nobel Prizes?

Ans:  Switzerland-based International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is the only 3-time recipient of the Nobel Prize, being conferred with Peace Prize in 1917, 1944, and 1963.

 

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