Nobel Prize 2020 winners list- WBCS Current affairs pdf

Nobel Prize 2020 winners list

Nobel Prize winners list pdf 2020:

Nobel Prize Award is one of the most asked topics in today competitive exams. In this article, we have shared the list of “Nobel Prize 2020 winners list” alongside some most significant Nobel Prize Question Answer, that will surely work as a score booster for students in the upcoming exams like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC GROUP-D, BANK, IBPS, IB, RAILWAY, etc.
Topics Covered Here

Nobel Prize winners list in India

Nobel Prize Winners list PDF 2020

Indian Nobel Prize winners

First Nobel Prize winner in India

How many Nobel Prize winners are there?

Who was the first Nobel Prize winner in India?

Who is the first Asian winner of the Nobel Prize?

What is Nobel Prize?

The Nobel Prize is a lot of yearly global honors offered in a few classes by Swedish and Norwegian establishments in acknowledgment of scholastic, social, or logical advances. The desire of the Swedish scientific expert, designer, and industrialist Alfred Nobel set up the five Nobel prizes in 1895.

In How Many Fields Nobel Prize is Given?

Six Nobel Prizes are awarded every year, one in every one of the accompanying classes: Literature, Physics, Chemistry, Peace, Economics, and Physiology & Medicine.

Little History on Nobel Prize:

On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and confirmation, giving the biggest portion of his fortune to a progression of prizes in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace – the Nobel Prizes. In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s national bank) set up The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.

Nobel Prize 2020 winners list:

List Nobel Prize Winners in 2020

 Field
Name

Contribution

 
 
 
Peace

 

 

World Food Programme (WFP)

Because of its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas, and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.

Literature
 
 
Louise Glück

Roger Penrose won Nobel Prize for the discovery that black hole the formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity.

Physics
 
 
Roger Penrose 

Roger Penrose won Nobel Prize for the discovery that black hole the formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity.

a) Reinhard Genzel
b) Andrea Ghez

They won the Nobel Prize for their discovery of a supermassive compact object at the center of our galaxy.

Chemistry
a) Emmanuelle Charpentier
b) Jennifer A. Doudna

They developed a method for genome editing.

 
Medicine

a) Harvey J. Alte
b) Michael Houghton
c) Charles M. Rice

Discovered the Hepatitis C virus. 

 
Economic Sciences

 
a) Paul R. Milgrom
b) Robert B. Wilson

For improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats. 

Nobel Prize 2019 winners list:

Nobel Prize 2019 winners list:

List Nobel Prize Winners in 2019

Field Name Contribution
Peace Abi Ahmed – The Prime Minister of Ethiopia For ending the war with Eritrea
Literature Peter Handke Discovered an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.
Physics a) James Peebles
b) Michel Mayorc) Didier Queloz
The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019 was granted “for contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos” with one half to James Peebles “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology”, the other half mutually to Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.”
Chemistry a) John B. Goodenough

b) M. Stanley Whittingham

c) Akira Yoshino

The three scientists have all worked to develop and advance lithium-ion batteries, now-ubiquitous technology which the Nobel Assembly said has “laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil-fuel-free society.
Physiology & Medicine a) William G. Kaelin
b) Peter Ratcliffe
c) Gregg L. Semenza
For their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability
Economics a) Abhijit Banerjee
b) Esther Duflo
c) Michael Kremer
For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.

.

Nobel Prize Quiz

There are some important Nobel Prize questions and answers that are helpful for those who are preparing for competitive examinations like SSC CGL, SSC CHSL, SSC MTS, SSC GROUP-D, BANK, UPSC, PSC, RAILWAY GROUP-D, RAILWAY NTPC, IB, etc. The facts discussed below, often occur in the exams mentioned above.

Nobel Prize Question Answer

 1.     When was Nobel Prize given for the first time?

Ans:  The Nobel Prize was given for the first time on 10th December in 1901.
 

 2.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Peace for the first time?

Ans:  Henry Dunant won the first Nobel Prize for Peace.
 

 3.     Who won the Nobel Prize for  Physics for the first time?

Ans:  Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen won the first Nobel Prize for Physics.
 

 4.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Literature for the first time?

Ans:  Sully Prudhomme won the first Nobel Prize for Literature.
 

 5.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the first time?

Ans:  Jacobus Henricus Van‘t Hoff won the first Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
 

 6.     Who won the Nobel Prize for Physiology & Medicine for the first time?

Ans:  Emil Adolf von Behring won the first Nobel Prize for Physiology & Medicine.
 

 7.     Who was the first Indian to win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Rabindranath Tagore was the first  Indian and also the first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913.
 

 8.     When did C. V. Raman win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  C. V. Raman won Nobel Prize in 1930 for Physics.
 

 9.     When did Mother Teresa win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Mother Teresa Nobel Prize in 1979 for Peace.
 

 10.     When did Amartya Sen win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Amartya Sen Nobel Prize in 1998 for Economic Sciences.
 

 11.     Who is the youngest Nobel Prize winner?

Ans:  Malala Yousafzai became the youngest Nobel Prize winner in 2014.

 12.     Who is the oldest Nobel Prize winner?

Ans:  Arthur Ashkin became the oldest Nobel Prize winner in 2007.
 

 13.     Who is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize?

Ans:  Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, she won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903.