4. How does William Wordsworth describe the city of London in his “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge”?
Ans: – William Wordsworth is one of the most known Romantic poets in English Literature. Wordsworth drew inspiration from nature and individuals engaging with nature to comment on emotion and the role of the individual in the world. In “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge” the poet expressed his experiences about the view of London city during the very early morning. He started writing by saying that there was nothing more beautiful than the sight of London city which he was experiencing. He said that the whole city of London wore the dress made of the beauty of the morning. The ships, towers, domes, and theatres were glittering in the smokeless air of the morning. He also said that the River Thames seemed like it was flowing in his ‘own sweet will’. The calmness of the city was such that he never felt before. He was so deeply touched that by the early morning London city that he could not but personified the city. He even said that the whole city seemed asleep. He used fine similies to make others understand his feelings.
5. Justify “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge” as a Sonnet.
Ans: – Sonnet is a kind of poetry that consists of fourteen lines. There are two types of sonnets in English Literature- one is Shakespearean Sonnet and the other is Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet. “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge” belongs to the second type of sonnet which is the Italian Sonnet. An Italian Sonnet is divided into two parts- Octave and Sestet. The octave consists of eight lines and the sestet consist of six lines. The poem “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge” is divided into two-octave and sestet. The octave describes the physical details and experiences of the poet. Whereas the sestet deals with the emotion that the poet feels seeing the beauty of the city. The poem also follows the structural iambic pentameter. Thus the structure and pattern make this poem an Italian Sonnet.